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Jeffrey A Brinker, M.D.

Jeffrey A Brinker, M.D.

  • Professor of Medicine
  • Joint Appointment in Radiology and Radiological Science

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/profiles/results/directory/profile/0001297/jeffrey-brinker

Recommendation: Aerobic Exercises for Acute buy glucotrol xl visa diabetes, Subacute 10 mg glucotrol xl mastercard expensive diabetes medications, or Chronic Cervicothoracic Pain Aerobic exercise is recommended for treatment of acute 10mg glucotrol xl sale diabetes symptoms 9 days, subacute, or chronic cervicothoracic pain. Indications – All patients with acute, subacute, and chronic cervicothoracic pain are believed to benefit from aerobic exercises, especially those with whiplash-associated injury. It is recommended that the American College of Sports Medicine’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th ed. For acute or subacute cervicothoracic pain patients, a graded exercise program is generally desired, often using distance or time as minimum benchmarks –. Indications for Discontinuation – Aerobic exercise should be adjusted, reduced, or discontinued when there is intolerance (rarely occurs) or development of other disorders. Nearly all patients should be encouraged to maintain aerobic exercises on a long-term basis for both prevention of cervicothoracic pain and to maintain optimal health. Recommendation: Aerobic Exercises for Acute Post-operative Cervical Pain Aerobic exercise is recommended for acute post-operative cervicothoracic rehabilitation of patients. Theoretical risk of myocardial infarction and angina in a severely deconditioned patient. The studies that included aerobic exercises did report benefits; however, due to the scarcity of details on types of aerobic exercises or a tendency for the aerobic exercises to be a part of the intervention or also be included in the control group’s treatment,(548) there is less data on the benefit of aerobic exercises in cervicothoracic pain compared to low back pain. In addition, there is no quality evidence for post-operative cervicothoracic rehabilitation. A study evaluating bicycling showed a decrease in pain up to 2 hours after the therapy sessions, but the decrease in pain was not long lasting. Recommendation: Directional Exercises for Treatment of Acute, Subacute, Chronic, or Radicular Cervical and Thoracic Pain Directional exercises are recommended for patients found to have directional preference. Indications – For acute, subacute, or chronic cervical and thoracic pain, directional preference exercises are recommended. They are initially performed every two hours (8-10 repetitions) to fully centralize and abolish the pain, along with posture modifications that also honor patients’ directional preference and protect the patient from symptoms returning when not exercising. Once the pain is eliminated even for a short period of time, the same exercises and posture changes should continue proactively to attempt to prevent the pain from returning. Proactive exercise remains important in maintaining a pain-free status as the opposite direction of spinal movement and positioning are progressively re introduced. Indications for Discontinuation – Directional exercises should be discontinued if there is worsening pain in the course of treatment or failure to improve. Strength of Evidence – Recommended, Insufficient Evidence (I) Level of Confidence – Moderate Rationale for Recommendations There are no quality studies of directional exercise for treatment of the cervical spine. There is one low quality study in chronic cervical pain patients suggesting efficacy. The latter should be performed carefully to not exceed the patient’s natural range of motion and incur an injury. Recommendation: Stretching for Acute or Subacute Cervicothoracic Pain Specific stretching exercises are recommended for treatment of acute or subacute non-specific cervicothoracic pain. Indications – Acute or subacute cervicothoracic pain under the direction of health care professional. Frequency/Duration – For pain that centralizes during an exam using repeated end-range test movements, single directional end-range exercises are believed to be preferred (see Directional exercise). Stretching exercises shown to be beneficial include extension, flexion, and rotation held for 30 seconds, repeated 3 times daily, 5 times a week. Harms – Increased pain especially short term, and particularly if stretch in a direction of worsening (see Directional Exercise). Recommendation: Stretching for Chronic Cervicothoracic Pain Stretching is recommended for treatment of chronic cervicothoracic pain. Benefits – Shorter Recovery Time Harms – Increased pain especially short term, and particularly if stretch in a direction of worsening (see Directional Exercise). Strength of Evidence – Recommended, Evidence (C) Level of Confidence – Moderate 3. Recommendation: Stretching for Prevention of Cervicothoracic Pain There is no recommendation for or against stretching exercises as an isolated prescription or program for purposes of preventing cervicothoracic pain. Strength of Evidence – No Recommendation, Insufficient Evidence (I) Level of Confidence – Low Rationale for Recommendations Copyright© 2016 Reed Group, Ltd. Other shorter term studies evaluated stretching as an intervention group and report mixed results. Aggressive stretching requires a health care provider for each session and thus costs are considerably greater than those for self-performed stretching exercises. While these treatments are not invasive, there are concerns that the potential for harm outweighs the potential for benefit. Stretching exercises actively performed by patients for purposes of treatment and rehabilitation of cervicothoracic pain are low cost when performed as a home exercise program, are not invasive, and have low potential for adverse effects. They may help alleviate the stiffness that occurs with cervicothoracic pain that is thought to contribute to increased pain. Such improved strength would result in the ability to perform the same task at a lower percentage of maximum voluntary contraction, which in theory improves the individual’s margin of safety. Another issue is that long-term compliance is required and is difficult to achieve. Fear avoidance belief training appears important in the management of patients with cervicothoracic pain (see Fear Avoidance Belief Training).

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The patient is monitored closely for both progress and side effects with weekly blood counts order glucotrol xl 10mg without prescription diabetic log printable. When that occurs discount glucotrol xl 10 mg free shipping diabete ezy, re-induction may be carried out buy 10 mg glucotrol xl with visa diabete mellitus type 2, especially with children, usually using a different protocol of drugs. Many drugs currently used to treat leukemia, especially for relapses, are those in clinical trials. Other treatments Additional treatments may be used, depending on the severity of the disease and degree of infiltration: • Intrathecal chemotherapy is administered into the spinal fluid for treatment of infiltration of the central nervous system. The cell cycle and chemotherapy the purpose of chemotherapy is primarily to prevent replication of malignant cells and to treat systemic disease, such as leukemia or other metastasized cancers. Chemotherapy is used to cure, control, or provide palliation, so medications are chosen based on the realistic goal for the individual patient. Cells that are not dividing but have the potential for proliferation are not destroyed by chemotherapy, so repeated cycles of therapy are required in order to kill these cells as they become activated. Cells go though predictable cell cycle patterns in which one cell divides to become two daughter cells. Classification Chemotherapeutic agents are classified by relationship to the cell phase and by chemical group. Chemotherapeutic agents are classified by whether or not they target a particular cell phase: • Cell cycle-specific agents: Some chemotherapeutic agents are classified according to which part of the cell cycle they target. These drugs are referred to as cell cycle-specific agents because they destroy cells that are actively reproducing by interfering with this process. Chemotherapeutic agents are also classified according to their chemical group, with each group providing a different mechanism of action. Hormonal agents Cell cycle Stimulate cellular (Androgens, anastrozole, non-specific differentiation. There are 3 categories of targeted therapy: • Varied targeted therapy: Small molecules enter cells and disrupt cell function, causing the cells to die: o Signal transduction inhibitors: Imatinib mesylate, gefitinib, cetuximab, lapatinib. For example, a protocol may call for the following: • Antimetabolite: Cytarabine (cell cycle-specific targeting S phase). Most chemotherapeutic agents have adverse effects, often severe, depending upon the particular agent. Extravasation Chemotherapy for leukemia is usually administered intravenously although some types may be given orally. Patients receiving intravenous chemotherapy must be monitored carefully as the agents may irritate vessel walls, and extravasation (infiltration) may result in severe pain and local tissue damage, as many agents are vesicants that can cause necrosis. Early signs of extravasation include swelling, redness, itching, and vesicles on the skin. A vascular access device may be used for administration of chemotherapeutic agents, especially with combination therapies, but these pose an increased risk of systemic infection, especially if neutropenia occurs. Autologous purged transplant requires treatment ex vivo to remove malignant cells prior to transplantation. Transplantation is usually done after chemotherapy and radiation has ablated the patient’s bone marrow. The extraction is done as an out-patient procedure under general or regional anesthesia. Only about 50 mL of cord blood is obtained with each donation, so this amount is usually suitable only for transplantation in small children. Myelogenous malignancies are also associated with a number of inherited and acquired genetic syndromes, such as Down syndrome, Fanconi anemia, familial platelet disorder, familial and acquired monosomy 7, and severe aplastic anemia. In adults, onset is usually after age 60, especially in males, and may be associated with a history of smoking, previous radiation, and/or chemotherapy. Prognosis varies depending on the subtype, but 5-year survival rates for children <15 have increased to 58% and for those 15 to 19 to 40%. About 60 to 70% of adults achieve remission after induction therapy with about 25% surviving for 3 years or more. Symptoms Onset of symptoms is usually quite abrupt and may include severe infection and abnormal bleeding. Symptoms most often result from decreased production of other blood cells because of the large number of leukemic myeloblasts in the bone marrow although other organs may become infiltrated. With infiltration of the central nervous system through the blood or lymphoid system, symptoms may include headache, vomiting, and, papilledema, Sixth cranial nerve palsy results from masses of leukemic cells putting pressure on the nerves, preventing the eye from moving laterally. Other common sites for infiltration include the spinal cord and testicles, which painlessly enlarge. Diagnostic findings the first test to show abnormalities is typically the complete blood count and differential. Treatment considerations Usually a two-phase approach to chemotherapy is used with induction and consolidation but not maintenance. However, this treatment protocol may vary according to the patient’s age and condition. In many cases, patients are enrolled in clinical trials, especially with recurrent disease. M1 Acute myeloblastic Dominant leukemic cells in the 15% leukemia with minimal marrow at diagnosis are maturation myeloblasts. M2 Acute myeloblastic Many myeloblasts evident but 25% leukemia with some are maturing into normal maturation cells. M3 Acute promyelocytic Leukemic cells show translocation 10% leukemia between chromosomes 15 and 17. M4 Acute myelomonocytic Leukemic cells often have 20% leukemia inversion of chromosome 16.

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Sticking to 10 mg glucotrol xl overnight delivery diabetes medications starting with g the suggested bedtime and waketime will help you overcome your sleep problem buy 10 mg glucotrol xl fast delivery diabetes symptoms children. When you are unable to effective glucotrol xl 10mg diabetes type 2 long term effects sleep, get up and go to another room until you feel sleepy enough to fall asleep quickly before returning to bed. Napping, particularly in the late afternoon or early evening may interfere with your night’s sleep. During this time, you should do things that are enjoyable on their own rather than activities that are taken as a means to an end. If you are worrying, planning or can’t shut off your thoughts, get up and stay up until you can return to bed without these mental activities interfering with your sleep. My standard rising time is My earliest bedtime is Other helpful practices: 1. Your sleep problem developed over time so it will take some time to return to a more normal sleep pattern. By following the suggestions in this pamphlet, you should see gradual sleep improvements. Notes: this information outlines a simple, sensible, and highly effective approach for eliminating insomnia. By following these few simple rules, you should be able to get the sleep of your dreams. Therapist Manual 107 Appendix H: Questions and Answers about “the Guidelines” Do I have to get up at the same time every day Getting out of bed when you can’t sleep, will teach you the difference between feeling • Yes. The best way to set your body clock is to stick to sleepy and feeling tired and eventually you will feel sleepy. Sleep naturally happens times each morning can create the type of sleep problem that when you are calm and content. By doing these things you actually train yourself to stay • Thinking about small and big worries, thinking about awake in bed. Sexual activity is the only exception to this problems, or planning future events while in bed, can make rule. The most important thing to avoid is “trying to sleep” you feel tense or irritated and this will hurt your sleep. If you continue to have trouble shutting off your thoughts, you may fnd it helpful to set aside time each day to do the thinking, What should I do if I can’t sleep Get out of bed Then, if intrusive thoughts occur during your sleep period, and do something that is pleasant but does not make you feel put them off to the “thinking and worrying time” on the next too awake. The time you set aside for this should not be close to bedtime and the place where you do this activity should not • Long periods of being awake in bed often lead to tossing be your bedroom. Tossing and turning, becoming frustrated and • During the time you set aside you can list your problems worrying about not sleeping, make it harder to fall asleep. Don’t try to deal with more than one problem at a hoping to go back to sleep, the more you will be awake in time. Sleeping at any time other than your scheduled time lessens the quality of your nighttime sleep. Do not need to be alert, such as driving or using machines, take a dwell on this decision. If it is obvious to you that you will short (15 to 30 minutes) nap to make sure you are safe. During the buffer zone time, you should do things that are enjoyable on their own. Adapted from a patient handout entitled “Reasons for the Guidelines for Improving Sleep” created by Rachel Manber, Ph. Circle circled thought Write down write an What is your were started word and rate the thought is true, but why the circled alternative, mood now and thinking about the intensity that bothers stick to factual thought might more helpful how intense is sleep Therapist Manual 111 Appendix K: Action Plan for Addressing Insomnia in the Future Insomnia can return but now that you know how to address it, you need not worry about whether it returns. If yes, and you continue to have problems, please call your therapist and schedule a refresher session. If you notice new sleep-related problems, please contact your doctor and schedule an appointment. Such problems can include: loud snoring stopping breathing, breathing pauses, gasping or snorting during sleep falling asleep unintentionally/dozing during the day a creepy-crawly sensation in your lower legs in the evening along with an irresistible urge to move your legs to get rid of the sensation very frequent leg jerking during your sleep any other unusual new sleep experiences Remember, you mastered the insomnia before, and you’ll master it again. Quiet Your Mind and Get to Sleep: Solutions for Insomnia in Those with Depression, Anxiety, or Chronic Pain. How satisfied /dissatisfied are you with your Satisfied Dissatisfied current sleep pattern To what extent do you consider your sleep Not At all A Little Somewhat Much Very Much problem to interfere with your daily functioning Interfering Interfering. How noticeable to others do you think your Not At All Barely Somewhat Much Very Much sleeping problem is in terms of impairing the Noticeable Noticeable Noticeable quality of your life How worried/distressed are you about your Worried Worried Worried current problem Feeling Anxious or Tense: 0 I never take longer than 30 minutes to fall asleep 0 I do not feel anxious or tense. Sleep During the Night: 0 My mood brightens to a normal level which lasts for several hours when good events occur. Mood in Relation to the Time of Day: 0 I never take longer than 30 minutes to fall asleep 0 There is no regular relationship between my mood 1 I take at least 30 minutes to fall asleep, less than and the time of day.

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Syndromes

  • Antibiotics to treat the infection
  • Is it absent?
  • CT scan
  • Occupational therapy
  • Allergic to x-ray contrast material or any iodine substance
  • Bulb-like (bulbous) shape
  • Shallow breathing
  • Increased sleep (too little sleep is more common with other forms of depression)

Absolute copy numbers should be reported in addition to buy glucotrol xl without a prescription diabetes prevention week the fold increase to purchase glucotrol xl once a day diabetes symptoms young adults enable the clinician to discount 10 mg glucotrol xl overnight delivery diabetes diet new zealand make his or her own judgments. Monitoring beyond 2 years of follow-up should be based on the relapse risk of the patient and decided individually. Additionally, 37 populations of leukemic cells that hold the potential to cause relapse. Whole exome sequencing of samples from ducted in bone marrow and peripheral blood every 3 months for 12 380 people with no hematologic malignancies indicated 10% of 63 24 months after the end of treatment, or in peripheral blood every persons age. At a median follow-up of 10 months (range, authors contributed equally to revising the manuscript and all ap 2-12), patients had received a median of 5 azacitidine treatment proved manuscript content and submission to the journal. Effect of complete remission and responses less than complete remission on survival in acute myeloid leukemia: a combined Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, Southwest Oncology Group, and M. Relation of clinical response and minimal residual disease and their prognostic impact on outcome in acute myeloid leukemia. Outcomes of allogeneic stem cell transplantation in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The 2016 revision to the World Health Organization classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia. Enhancing acute myeloid leukemia therapy monitoring response using residual disease testing as a guide to therapeutic decision-making. Minimal residual disease diagnostics in acute lymphoblastic leukemia: need for sensitive, fast, and standardized technologies. Defining minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia: which platforms are ready for “prime time” Early immunophenotypical evaluation of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia identifies different patient risk groups and may contribute to postinduction treatment stratification. The kinetics of reduction of minimal residual disease impacts on duration of response and survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Persistence of minimal residual disease assessed by multiparameter flow cytometry is highly prognostic in younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Prognostic relevance of treatment response measured by flow cytometric residual disease detection in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Impact of pretransplantation minimal residual disease, as detected by multiparametric flow cytometry, on outcome of myeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia. Association between mutation clearance after induction therapy and outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia. Prospective minimal residual disease monitoring to predict relapse of acute promyelocytic leukemia andto direct pre-emptive arsenic trioxide therapy. Monitoring minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia: ready for prime time Minimal residual disease detection using flow cytometry: applications in acute leukemia. Minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia of adults: determination, prognostic impact and clinical applications. Immunophenotyping investigation of minimal residual disease is a useful approach for predicting relapse in acute myeloid leukemia patients. A simple one-tube assay for immunophenotypical quantification of leukemic stem cells in acute myeloid leukemia. Aberrant phenotypes in acute myeloid leukemia: a high frequency and its clinical significance. Monitoring minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukaemia: a review of the current evolving strategies. Multicolor flow cytometry and multigene next-generation sequencing are complementary and highly predictive for relapse in acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic transplantation. Current approaches in the treatment of relapsed and refractory acute myeloid leukemia. Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential and its distinction from myelodysplastic syndromes. Low-dose azacitidine after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for acute leukemia. Clinical activity of azacitidine in patients who relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia. See Full Prescribing Information for recommended dosage pain, anemia, epistaxis, diarrhea, hypoesthesia and alopecia. The recommended starting dosage in patients with Congenital Neutropenia is 6 mcg/kg as a twice daily subcutaneous injection and the recommended starting dosage in patients with Idiopathic or Cyclic Neutropenia is 5 mcg/kg as a single daily subcutaneous injection. Dosage Adjustments in Patients with Severe Chronic Neutropenia Chronic daily administration is required to maintain clinical benefit. Thereafter, if the patient is clinically stable, less frequent routine monitoring is recommended. Discard any vial or prefilled syringe left at room temperature for greater than 24 hours. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit (the solution is clear and colorless). This 24-hour time period includes the time during room temperature storage of the infusion solution and the duration of the infusion. Evaluate patients who report left upper abdominal or shoulder pain for an enlarged spleen or splenic rupture.

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Navigational Note: Enterocolitis Asymptomatic; clinical or Abdominal pain; mucus or Severe or persistent Life-threatening Death diagnostic observations only; blood in stool abdominal pain; fever; ileus; consequences; urgent intervention not indicated peritoneal signs intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by inflammation of the small and large intestines glucotrol xl 10 mg cheap diabetes keche. Navigational Note:If reporting a known abnormality of the colon buy cheap glucotrol xl 10 mg line diabetes toddlers signs and symptoms, use Gastrointestinal disorders: Colitis order glucotrol xl online pills diabetes journal. If reporting a documented infection, use Infections and infestations: Enterocolitis infectious. Navigational Note: Esophageal fistula Asymptomatic Symptomatic, invasive Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death intervention not indicated indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the esophagus and another organ or anatomic site. Navigational Note: Esophageal perforation Invasive intervention not Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death indicated indicated consequences; urgent operative intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by a rupture in the wall of the esophagus. Navigational Note: Fecal incontinence Occasional use of pads Daily use of pads required Severe symptoms; elective required operative intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by inability to control the escape of stool from the rectum. Navigational Note: Gastroesophageal reflux Mild symptoms; intervention Moderate symptoms; medical Severe symptoms; operative disease not indicated intervention indicated intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by reflux of the gastric and/or duodenal contents into the distal esophagus. Navigational Note: Gastrointestinal fistula Asymptomatic Symptomatic, invasive Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death intervention not indicated indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between any part of the gastrointestinal system and another organ or anatomic site. Navigational Note: Gingival pain Mild pain Moderate pain interfering Severe pain; inability to with oral intake aliment orally Definition:A disorder characterized by a sensation of marked discomfort in the gingival region. Navigational Note: Hemorrhoidal hemorrhage Mild symptoms; intervention Moderate symptoms; Transfusion indicated; Life-threatening Death not indicated intervention indicated invasive intervention consequences; urgent indicated; hospitalization intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by bleeding from the hemorrhoids. Navigational Note: Ileal fistula Asymptomatic Symptomatic, invasive Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death intervention not indicated indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the ileum and another organ or anatomic site. Navigational Note: Intra-abdominal hemorrhage Moderate symptoms; Transfusion indicated; Life-threatening Death intervention indicated invasive intervention consequences; urgent indicated; hospitalization intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by bleeding in the abdominal cavity. Navigational Note: Jejunal fistula Asymptomatic Symptomatic, invasive Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death intervention not indicated indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the jejunum and another organ or anatomic site. Navigational Note: Oral cavity fistula Asymptomatic Symptomatic, invasive Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death intervention not indicated indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the oral cavity and another organ or anatomic site. Navigational Note: Pancreatic fistula Asymptomatic Symptomatic, invasive Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death intervention not indicated indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the pancreas and another organ or anatomic site. Navigational Note: Pancreatitis Enzyme elevation; radiologic Severe pain; vomiting; Life-threatening Death findings only medical intervention indicated consequences; urgent. Navigational Note: Periodontal disease Gingival recession or Moderate gingival recession Spontaneous bleeding; severe gingivitis; limited bleeding on or gingivitis; multiple sites of bone loss with or without probing; mild local bone loss bleeding on probing; tooth loss; osteonecrosis of moderate bone loss maxilla or mandible Definition:A disorder in the gingival tissue around the teeth. Navigational Note: Rectal fissure Asymptomatic Symptomatic Invasive intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by a tear in the lining of the rectum. Navigational Note: Rectal perforation Invasive intervention not Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death indicated indicated consequences; urgent operative intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by a rupture in the rectal wall. Navigational Note: Small intestinal perforation Invasive intervention not Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death indicated indicated consequences; urgent operative intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by a rupture in the small intestine wall. Navigational Note: Tooth discoloration Surface stains Definition:A disorder characterized by a change in tooth hue or tint. Navigational Note:Also report Investigations: Neutrophil count decreased Upper gastrointestinal Mild symptoms; intervention Moderate symptoms; Transfusion indicated; Life-threatening Death hemorrhage not indicated intervention indicated invasive intervention consequences; urgent indicated; hospitalization intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract (oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, and stomach). Navigational Note: Visceral arterial ischemia Brief (<24 hrs) episode of Prolonged (>=24 hrs) or Life-threatening Death ischemia managed medically recurring symptoms and/or consequences; evidence of and without permanent invasive intervention end organ damage; urgent deficit indicated operative intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by a decrease in blood supply due to narrowing or blockage of a visceral (mesenteric) artery. Signs and symptoms may include induration, erythema, swelling, burning sensation and marked discomfort at the infusion site. Navigational Note: Gallbladder fistula Asymptomatic Symptomatic, invasive Invasive intervention Life-threatening Death intervention not indicated indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an abnormal communication between the gallbladder and another organ or anatomic site. Navigational Note: Hepatic hemorrhage Mild symptoms; intervention Moderate symptoms; Transfusion indicated; Life-threatening Death not indicated intervention indicated invasive intervention consequences; urgent indicated; hospitalization intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by bleeding from the liver. Navigational Note: Portal vein thrombosis Intervention not indicated Medical intervention Life-threatening Death indicated consequences; urgent intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by the formation of a thrombus (blood clot) in the portal vein. Navigational Note: Sinusoidal obstruction Blood bilirubin 2-5 mg/dL; Blood bilirubin >5 mg/dL; Life-threatening Death syndrome minor interventions required coagulation modifier indicated consequences. Navigational Note:If related to infusion, use Injury, poisoning and procedural complications: Infusion related reaction. Anaphylaxis Symptomatic bronchospasm, Life-threatening Death with or without urticaria; consequences; urgent parenteral intervention intervention indicated indicated; allergy-related edema/angioedema; hypotension Definition:A disorder characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction resulting from the release of histamine and histamine-like substances from mast cells, causing a hypersensitivity immune response. Navigational Note: Autoimmune disorder Asymptomatic; serologic or Evidence of autoimmune Autoimmune reactions Life-threatening Death other evidence of reaction involving a non involving major organ. Navigational Note: Appendicitis perforated Medical intervention Life-threatening Death indicated; operative consequences; urgent intervention indicated intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by acute inflammation to the vermiform appendix caused by a pathogenic agent with gangrenous changes resulting in the rupture of the appendiceal wall. Navigational Note: Endophthalmitis Local intervention indicated Systemic intervention; Best corrected visual acuity of hospitalization indicated 20/200 or worse in the affected eye Definition:A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the internal structures of the eye. Navigational Note: Hepatitis viral Asymptomatic, intervention Moderate symptoms; medical Symptomatic liver Life-threatening Death not indicated intervention indicated dysfunction; fibrosis by consequences; severe biopsy; compensated decompensated liver function cirrhosis; hospitalization or. Navigational Note: Myelitis Asymptomatic; mild signs Moderate weakness or Severe weakness or sensory Life-threatening Death. Symptoms include weakness, paresthesia, sensory loss, marked discomfort and incontinence. Clinical manifestations include erythema, marked discomfort, swelling, and induration along the course of the infected vein. Navigational Note:Synonym: Boil Rhinitis infective Localized; local intervention indicated Definition:A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the nasal mucosal. Navigational Note: Biliary anastomotic leak Asymptomatic diagnostic Symptomatic; medical Severe symptoms; invasive Life-threatening Death finding; intervention not intervention indicated intervention indicated consequences; urgent indicated operative intervention indicated Definition:A finding of leakage of bile due to breakdown of a biliary anastomosis (surgical connection of two separate anatomic structures). Navigational Note: Bruising Localized or in a dependent Generalized area Definition:A finding of injury of the soft tissues or bone characterized by leakage of blood into surrounding tissues.

References:

  • https://scholarworks.umass.edu/dissertations/
  • https://k.shorefitmb.com/120.html
  • https://bit.ly/2r0k6xt
  • http://dpanther.fiu.edu/sobek/FI08060948/00001
  • http://uchiblogo.uchicago.edu/archives/entries/
 
 
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